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Discovery of an Inhibitor for Bacterial 3-Mercaptopyruvate Sulfurtransferase that Synergistically Controls Bacterial Survival
封面设计 | First Published: 2020-12-28
H 2S-producing enzymes in bacteria have been shown to be closely engaged in the process of microbial survival and antibiotic resistance. However, no inhibitors have been discovered for these enzymes, e.g., 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MST). In the present study, we identified several classes of inhibitors for Escherichia coli MST (eMST) through high-throughput screening of ∼26,000 compounds. The thiazolidinedione-type inhibitors were found to selectively bind to Arg178 and Ser239 residues of eMST but hardly affected human MST. Moreover, the pioglitazone of this class concentration dependently accumulates the 3-mercaptopyruvate substrate and suppresses the H 2S and reactive sulfane sulfur products in bacteria. Importantly, pioglitazone could potentiate the level of reactive oxygen species in cellulo and consequently enhance the antimicrobial effects of gentamicin and macrophages in culture. This study has identified the bioactive inhibitor of eMST, paving the way for the pharmacological targeting of eMST to synergistically control the survival of E. coli.