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X-ray Nanoimaging of Crystal Defects in Single Grains of Solid-State Electrolyte Li7–3xAlxLa3Zr2O12

Yifei SunYifei Sun Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850, United States More by Yifei Sun Orcidhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-9562-5120 , Oleg Gorobstov, Linqin Mu, Daniel Weinstock, Ryan Bouck, Wonsuk Cha

封面设计 | First Published: 2021-06-15

All-solid-state lithium batteries promise significant improvements in energy density and safety over traditional liquid electrolyte batteries. The Al-doped Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) solid-state electrolyte shows excellent potential given its high ionic conductivity and good thermal, chemical, and electrochemical stability. Nevertheless, further improvements on electrochemical and mechanical properties of LLZO call for an in-depth understanding of its local microstructure. Here, we employ Bragg coherent diffractive imaging to investigate the atomic displacements inside single grains of LLZO with various Al-doping concentrations, resulting in cubic, tetragonal, and cubic–tetragonal mixed structures. We observe coexisting domains of different crystallographic orientations in the tetragonal structure. We further show that Al doping leads to crystal defects such as dislocations and phase boundaries in the mixed- and cubic-phase grain. This study addresses the effect of Al doping on the nanoscale structure within individual grains of LLZO, which is informative for the future development of solid-state batteries.

原文连接

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c00315

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